How do you prepare for a presentation?

posted in: Communication | 5

Abraham Lincoln once said, “If you ask me to speak for 30 minutes, I can speak now. If you need to speak for 5 minutes, I need to prepare.” I love his statement. Expressing your thoughts in a limited time is so critical, and also so difficult.

I read about extensive preparation that Steve Jobs puts in his presentations from Carmine Gallo’s video interview and his book. The videos of Steve’s product launch presentations always inspire me.

Presentation Preparation for Business ProfessionalsPreparation and practice are so important for presentations. The question is how do you do that? I got a few very good nuggets from the Better Speaker Series manuals from the toastmasters. I will share that and a few of my experiences in this post.

Do your homework about the place where you will be presenting. Where is the lectern? Or, is there a lectern? Where would people enter the room in case if they walk in while you are speaking? Do you have a microphone? Are there any other disturbances in the room, noise from outside or maybe from an adjacent room? Preparing for all of this can help.

Practice your speech silently in your mind. Complete it every time while you do that. Also remember the points of your speech, but not the exact words. This helps you think on your feet and connect with your audience when you speak.

When it comes to organizing your speech or presentation, use the following sequence –

  1. Think about the main idea of the speech first. What is one objective that you would like to meet with the presentation? If you come up with more than one, prioritize and nail it down to just ONE objective. Don’t go to the next step until you have this figured out.
  2. Collect, organize and expand on the key points you would like to express. That becomes the main body of your presentation. See if you can group your ideas in three groups, and organize your presentation to emphasize these three things. When you do that your presentation flows naturally. You hardly have to remember the details, they come to you naturally.
  3. Make a good opening and ending of your presentation.
  4. Prepare visual aids for the presentation such as product demos, power point or keynote presentations …etc.


How do you prepare your presentation

Practice your presentation loud once you have practiced it in your mind for a few times. Introduce different elements such as vocal variety, gestures, body movements …etc gradually while rehearsing your speech. This is my Achilles’ heel. I am not good at repeating anything. But, my experience has taught me the lesson that this always helps.

If you have time, do a mental rehearsal of the presentation once you reach the venue.

I have used this format a few times while making business presentations. It has helped me tremendously. Though I don’t get chance to work on each of these points every time, I feel comfortable that I have a system to prepare.

Also, this keeps me relaxed. I am able to ask questions and pull in audience participation easily.

When it comes to the interactive meetings, they hardly go as scripted. I have to steer them based on the questions, interest and what I see and capture at the “ground zero”. However, since I am comfortable in my prepared part, I am able to look for the cues and react with spontaneity more comfortably.

A couple of comments from experienced members of our toastmasters club – Paul Revere Toastmasters.

Bob – “Rehearse your speech repeatedly. Practice in front of mirror. It might dread you, but it helps you eliminate a lot of distracting gestures. There is nothing better than you seeing yourself in the mirror speaking.”

Mark – “Split the preparation part in 3-4 sessions. It removes the stress, and helps you put together your thoughts much better.”

Communication has so many aspects to it – organization, channeling emotions, seeing/listening to the audience cues, passion, enthusiasm, engaging myself effectively …etc. I can’t get enough to learn and improve on my communication skills. I am enjoying this journey.

How do you prepare your speeches and presentations? I would love to hear your ideas as well.

5 Responses

  1. Avatar
    Denise Boyd
    | Reply

    Deven, I loved your speech. I have often wanted to give a speech about a topic but have not known where to start. Then I ask myself “what do I want the audience to remember”? I write down the main idea I want them to know. It could be the idea that malaria is preventable or that gifts can be recycled. I start from there and try to write the body of the speech that builds up to that main idea.
    Denise

  2. Deven Pravin Shah
    Deven Pravin Shah
    | Reply

    Thanks Denise, I like that question as a starting point – “what do I want the audience to remember?”.

  3. Avatar
    Rosa
    | Reply

    Dear Deven, excellent article! I made a copy because I need to make two speeches to get my silver by June next year, but I want to do it as soon as possible. I am already working on speeches for my gold.
    Your article on your blog is very useful for my speeches. Thank you. I have some suggestions: I learned it from Lola, for a great speech you need to have three things:
    1) You have to have a case
    2) Creativity
    3) Delivery
    These elements must be present in any speech, also when I prepare for a speech I think about it for at least 2 weeks every day. Hugs, Rosa.

  4. Avatar
    Nilesh
    | Reply

    Hi Deven, I like your article about preparation for a speech. One of my mentor told me a very good point about presentation and I do follow it till to day. He said, You start with what you would going to say, You describe what you want and at the end you conclude what you said! The audience will remember what you wanted them to remember.
    One of my attending told me in the audience hardly anybody know more then you about the topic you are talking about. As you have prepared it well, you don’t have fear about other.
    I believe: You go and start talking to smaller audiences, keep delivering the good messages, larger audience will come to you soon!!

    Good Luck,,
    Nilesh Bhoot

  5. Deven Pravin Shah
    Deven Pravin Shah
    | Reply

    Hi Nilesh, thanks for your comment. I liked nuggets for organizing the presentation, and also building knowledge and expertise on the topic.

    -Deven

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